Several initiatives are taking place for integrating the whole biometric process in a smartcard. This technology includes the sensor and the whole biometric verification algorithm in a smartcard. The biometric modality used nowadays in this initiative is fingerprint.
The system should fulfil the requirements imposed in ISO 17839, a series of international standards on Biometric system-on-Card, but also the ISO 18584, referred to conformance test requirements on smartcards.
Among the initiatives we can find nowadays are: